Diet, Weight and Diabetes – Expert Doctor’s Advice

diabetes healthy dietFurther to last week’s article on prediabetes, we asked Dr Khaled Sadek to explain how diet, activity and weight loss can improve the health of those with prediabetes ‘warning signs’ or a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes. 

Dr Khaled Sadek is a GP and Diabetes Lead at The Smart Clinics. He has a number of published papers on diabetes and a high level of expertise and knowledge.

If someone began following a healthy diet how long for them to lower risk of type 2 diabetes?

On average we say about 3 months.

This gives not only the individual time to make changes but also for us to be able to reliably test certain blood markers for shifts in sugar levels.

Is weight an issue – can losing weight lower your risk?

People who are overweight and inactive are also more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.

In pregnancy overweight or obese women have a higher chance of gestational diabetes.

Large clinical trials demonstrated that after 3 years, people who lost about 5 to 7 percent of their body weight by eating a diet low in fat and calories and getting more physical activity, were able to cut their chances of getting type 2 diabetes by 58 percent compared with people in the placebo group. So weight plays a heavy role!

Are particular foods and drinks that raise the risk of DM?

Normally when we eat food, in particular carbohydrates (starches and sugars) the level of glucose in our blood increases.

What dietary advice would you give for patients with prediabetes or diabetes?

  • Eat regular meals, including a starchy carbohydrate food such as bread, cereal, potato, rice or pasta (eat the appropriate portion) at each meal. This helps to slowly release sugar over time and allows the pancreas to release a steady state of insulin, which is manageable.
  • Limit your intake of sweet and sugary foods.
  • Reduce your fat intake and change the type of fat you eat, for example move away from red meat and over to oily fish and white meat.
  • Eat fruit and vegetables regularly, and 5 portions of a mix of fruit and vegetables should be our daily goal.
  • Eat fish twice a week: white fish once a week and oily fish once a week.
  • Avoid adding salt to food and cut down on processed foods.
  • If you drink alcohol, the recommendations are the same as for the general public.

Diabetes Clinic London

To support our diabetic patients, The Smart Clinics offers a regular diabetes clinic. Services available at the clinic are initially focused around getting diabetes under control; then monitoring the condition with a regular blood test, blood pressure check and health review.

There is also support for those looking to make lifestyle and dietary changes. We know that type 2 diabetes can go into remission with the right lifestyle intervention at the right time.

If you are not sure whether you have diabetes or prediabetes symptoms, The Smart Clinics GPs can arrange tests. In addition, the company’s routine health check also includes a screening for diabetes as standard.

We know that with the right lifestyle changes, it is quite possible to tackle prediabetes before it develops into full Type 2 diabetes.

→ Diabetes Clinic

For those tackling excess weight, advice from a nutritionist or dietitian can be very helpful in creating tailor-made diet plans.

Dr Khaled Sadek

dr-khaledDr Khaled Sadek GP one of The Smart Clinics’ team of private GPs in London.

He completed medical training at St George’s Hospital Medical School in 2005 and worked in obstetrics and gynaecology before pursuing a career as a GP.

He has particular expertise in the following areas on which he has published papers and spoken at conferences:

  • Diabetes and metabolic disease (blood pressure and heart disease)
  • Sleep and insomnia
  • Women’s health and infertility

The Smart Clinics

The Smart Clinics is best known for its unique membership based private GP service with access to a friendly team of experienced doctors, which entitles individuals, families and corporate members to unlimited GP access for a monthly fee.

The integrated healthcare company brings together a host of medical professionals offering patients high quality health services in a choice of accessible London clinic locations:

The clinics offer evening and weekend appointments for those who cannot attend in the week. For more information contact us on or call  020 7052 0070.

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